First all-Scottish heavier-than-air powered flight

Baird Dates and Data

 

 

 

100th Anniversary of Baird's Flight

September 24, 2010 marked 100 years since Andrew Baird flew into Scottish aviation history as he piloted his own designed and built monoplane briefly above the sands of Ettrick Bay.

Assure that your family and friends are aware of the contribution made by this aviation pioneer.

Talk about Andrew Blain Baird and celebrate his achievement.

 

A Few Important Dates in Aviation

                                     

1903  December       Wright Brothers       Kitty Hawk N.C. USA       First heavier than Air flight

1906                        M. Santos-Dumont      Bagatelle France             "The Canard " (Voisin manufactured)

1908                        M. Santos Dumont       Bagatelle France             "The Demoiselle"

1908                        Samuel Cody                Farnborough England      First Flight in England

                                             

                                                             Photo of Silver Dart by C. Markwell, in Toronto 1957

1909                        John McCurdy             "Silver Dart"

                                with Alexander Bell     Nova Scotia Canada      First flight in British Empire

 1909                       Henri Farman             Issy France                     First "out and home" flight

                                                       

1909                        Louis Bleriot             France to England           First Cross Channel Flight

1909                        Barnwell Brothers         Stirling Scotland             First biplane Flight in Scotland

1910                        Andrew Baird            Isle of Bute                     First all Scottish monoplane 

 

The Baird Monoplane

                                           

This first heavier than air craft was wholly constructed in Scotland, designed and built by Andrew Blain Baird but using a 4 cylinder air cooled engine with water cooled valves built by Alexander Brothers of Edinburgh. The engine featured a cast aluminum crankcase with sheet metal covering to the lower half. The monoplane was 25 feet long and weighed 380 pounds and consisted of a complex tubular steel forward frame and triangular wire braced rear section made with bamboo longerons and tubular steel spacers. The rectangular wings set at a slight dihedral angle which would greatly assist its lateral stability had a 29 foot span and appearred to be single surfaced with wire bracing to a cabane pylon and the undercarriage. Mrs Baird sewed brown tussore silk for the wings on a hand sewing machine. The method of stretching and securing the edges was exactly similar to that used in the Santos Demoiselle aircraft. The pilot's seat was of canvas and the tail was an all-moving crucform structure characteristic of the Demoiselle machine and the tail wheel was fixed so that no movement of the machine would affect it. It was carrying a little over 2 pounds in weight to the square foot.

 

Baird Monument (Rothesay High Kirk Cemetery on the High Street)

This centenary plaque was placed on the Baird family headstone on the 100th anniversary of the First Flight by Andrew Baird II.

                                                     

Inscription

ERECTED BY ANDREW BLAIN BAIRD IN LOVING MEMORY OF HIS WIFE EUPHEMIA MARTIN WHO DIED 19TH JANUARY1938, AGED 63 YEARS.  THEIR DAUGHTERS AGNES STEVENSON DIED 5TH MARCH 1909, AGED 5 YEARS, SUSAN MCKENZIE DIED MARCH 1909, AGED 1 YEAR.

THE ABOVE ANDREW BLAIN BAIRD DIED 9TH SEP. 1951, AGED 91 YEARS

THEIR SON JOHN BAIRD DIED 16TH SEPT. 1974, AGED 74 YEARS BELOVED HUSBAND OF MAY ROBERTSON DIED 9TH JUNE 1969, AGED 72 YEARS.